2014. - V. 28. - N 4(153). - P. 8-11
Although a number of historians have already studied Mendeleev’s discovery of the periodic system of chemical elements, there are few studies on how the world’s scientific community perceived and employed it. The study covers ten countries (Russia, Germany, Great Britain, France, Sweden, Denmark, Norway, Spain, Portugal, Italy) and one region (the Czech Lands) in Europe and one from Asia (Japan) in the period spanning the 1870s to the 1920s, before the advent of quantum mechanics. The study shed light on a multitude of responses to the periodic system by analyzing research papers, reference books, and chemistry textbooks for higher education and middle schools as well as popular books and magazines. Many countries did not pay attention to it, for various reasons. Of even greater interest is the fact that in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, many metaphysical and philosophical reflections on nature based on the periodic system appeared outside of chemistry.
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